Julia Galloway
Utilitarian Pottery

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C6 Clay Body - from Val Cushing:
EPK Kaolin   35
Tile 6 Kaolin   15
Nepheline Syenite   23
Flint   22
XX Sagger Ball Clay   5
Bentonite   3

Flashing slip:
7 parts Tile #6, 2 parts Grollege and
1 part Nepheline Syenite
For Blue/Black Slip, I add a tablespoon of
mazzerine blue stain to a quart of
flashing slip

Base Recipes-
used with a large variety of colorants

Hamada Base Revised Again:
Custer Feldspar    53
Whiting    9
Zinc Oxide    9
Barium Carbonate    16
Ball Clay    2
Kona F-4    8

Alec's Base revised from 1993:
Kona F-4   11
Nepheline Syenite   21
Gerstley Borate   12
Whiting   4
Wollastonite   8
Fritt 3124   6
EPK Kaolin   10
Flint   40

Neph Sy  120
Lithium Carbonate  65
Whiting  15
Barium Carb  115
Ball clay  15
Flint  155
Fritt  3124 50
Chrome OX  2.5
(two pint five)

Bobby Silvermans Blue Base:
K-200 Feldspar   45
Whiting   7
EPK Kaolin   6
Flint   7
Barium Carbonate   35
Bentonite   2

Lucas Honey Glaze:
Custer Feldspar   30
Whiting   75
Ball Clay   75
Red Iron Oxide   45
Flint   75

Fake Ash Glaze Revised:
Custer Feldspar   17
Barium Carbonate   9
Dolomite   9
Whiting   26
Ball Clay Art Center   12
Flint   18
Kona F-4   10

Randys Base Revised:
Flint   19
Ball Clay   12
Whiting   10
Zircopax   9
Dolomite   6
Barium Carbonate   12
Custer Feldspar   25
Kona F-4   12
Fritt 3124   15
Gerstley Borate   10
Bentonite   2

Some Bright Green Glaze:
Custer Feldspar   45
Whiting   7
Ball Clay   13
Strontium   35
Zinc Oxide   10

Water Blue Base
Gerstley Borate   6
EPK Kaolin   7
Fritt 3110   77
Flint   10
Bentonite   3



The following clay, glazes and slips have come to work for me over time. Many of these glazes are common in the ceramic world: it's how you use them that make them work. Best of luck with your endeavors.
(an introduction)
(categories of glazing)
(my process)
(a note on recipes)

an introduction

I am including this page as these glazes were all given to me freely, and I am often asked for the recipes at workshops and lectures.

I had been from the one dunk school of pottery glazing when I entered graduate school. During my second year, I fell off my bicycle into an irrigation ditch and broke my wrist. That pretty much took me out of making work for the rest of the semester. I did have a stack of bisqueware in my studio and I spent the rest of the spring decorating, glazing and re-glazing this wear.

When I went to Nova Scotia College of Art and Design for a semester, I very much wanted to combine the versatility of color from Majolica with the density and strength of porcelain. Alec Karros was working at the mid-range temperature in Boulder with colors that I had never seen before. I began working with his glazes, though now I had to figure out how to put all these colors together.

I had a wonderful Art Theory lecture class with George Woodman: George is an art theorist, wonderful painter, and a very sharp dresser. During class I took notes on his clothing, and then went down to the studio to glaze my pots accordingly: tan pants with a royal blue tee-shirt over a green button up and gray shoes, turned into tan flashing slip, gray on the foot of the pot, royal blue on the inside of the pot or spout or handle and patterned in different shades of green.

We put all kinds of colors and textures together when we get dressed every morning, and when it comes to glazing, I think this is a good place to start. (return to top)

categories of glazing

I put glazes into a few different categories to help me better understand them and their content.

First is a "paint chip glaze:" a glaze of straight color. It's extremely reliable and what you see is what you get, over and over again.

Second is a "historical glaze:" a glaze with strong historical ties. The glaze itself can become the content in the work.

Third is the "phenomena glaze:" a glaze that changes when it is fired. From it, you gain a sense that the material has had an experience of firing or time passage. (return to top)

my process

I work with mid-range porcelain, bisque fire to cone 08 and glaze fire in a soda kiln to cone 6. Pretty much everything that I make starts on the wheel, and then is altered to some degree. I use a shimpo RK-2 that I bought in high school with my baby sitting money and had in my room between my bunk bed and dresser. I often throw standing up and for this I use a Brent model "C".

The glazes listed here are base recipes. I use them with many different amounts of colorants and different combination of colorants in them. I change the colorants and amounts often to respond to the work I am making. These base glazes may be a good place to start trey your own colorants!. For more more recipes, I suggest that you look at the "field Guide for Ceramics Artisans website, Chapter 12.

I fire in a soda kiln in a neutral to clean atmosphere, and spray about 3 pounds of soda ash mixed with 2 gallons of water when cone 5 gets soft. (return to top)

a note on recipes

These recipes have been collected from all over, but I want to especially thank all the folks at Nova Scotia College of Art and Design: Walter Ostrom, Doug Banford, Joan Berneau, in addition, Alec Karros, and Chloe Rizzo.

After a lot of testing, I still use Barium Carbonate in some of my glazes. I do not use it on any surfaces that come in contact with food.

I also use gold and platinum lustre and always wear gloves, use a respirator with new filters, and a good ventilation system. I do not use Barium, Manganese, Vanadium Pentoxide, or Strontium on the insides of any pots. Please be responsible about how you use these glazes. (return to top)


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